Launched on 24 October 1978, the Nimbus-7 platform was the last mission belonging to the Nimbus Program, a meteorological research-and-development satellite program. This series of seven satellites, aimed primarily at testing new instruments and technologies, was operated by NASA and NOAA. The Nimbus-7 spacecraft was designed to sense and collect atmospheric and ocean colour data, and eventually the Nimbus series grew into an important Earth sciences program.
Among the instruments onboard the Nimbus-7 satellite was the Coastal Zone Colour Scanner (CZCS). This is a multi-channel scanning radiometer designed to map chlorophyll concentration in water, sediment distribution, temperature of coastal waters, ocean currents and gelbstoff concentration, as a salinity indicator.
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Mission Facts and Figures